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Junos OS PHPRC Environment Variable Manipulation RCE

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Junos OS PHPRC Environment Variable Manipulation RCE



This module exploits a PHP environment variable manipulation vulnerability affecting Juniper SRX firewalls and EX switches. The affected Juniper devices run FreeBSD and every FreeBSD process can access their stdin by opening /dev/fd/0. The exploit also makes use of two useful PHP features. The first being 'auto_prepend_file' which causes the provided file to be added using the 'require' function. The second PHP function is 'allow_url_include' which allows the use of URL-aware fopen wrappers. By enabling allow_url_include, the exploit can use any protocol wrapper with auto_prepend_file. The module then uses data:// to provide a file inline which includes the base64 encoded PHP payload. By default this exploit returns a session confined to a FreeBSD jail with limited functionality. There is a datastore option 'JAIL_BREAK', that when set to true, will steal the necessary tokens from a user authenticated to the J-Web application, in order to overwrite the the root password hash. If there is no user authenticated to the J-Web application this method will not work. The module then authenticates with the new root password over SSH and then rewrites the original root password hash to /etc/master.passwd.


  • Jacob Baines
  • Ron Bowes
  • jheysel-r7




php, cmd


Module Options

To display the available options, load the module within the Metasploit console and run the commands 'show options' or 'show advanced':

msf > use exploit/freebsd/http/junos_phprc_auto_prepend_file
msf exploit(junos_phprc_auto_prepend_file) > show targets
msf exploit(junos_phprc_auto_prepend_file) > set TARGET < target-id >
msf exploit(junos_phprc_auto_prepend_file) > show options
    ...show and set options...
msf exploit(junos_phprc_auto_prepend_file) > exploit

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